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Sexually Transmitted Infections
Aside from colds and the flu, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are some of the most widespread infections both in the United States and the world. STIs affect both men and women, and almost half of all STIs occur in people younger than 25 years old. Exposure to an STI can occur any time you have sexual contact with anyone that involves the genitals , the mouth (oral), or the rectum (anal). Exposure is more likely if you have more than one sex partner or do not use condoms. Some STIs can be passed by nonsexual contact, such as by sharing needles or during the delivery of a baby or during breastfeeding. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
STIs are a worldwide public health concern because there is more opportunity for STIs to be spread as more people travel and engage in sexual activities. Some STIs have been linked to an increased risk of certain cancers and infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) . Pregnant women can spread STIs to their babies. Many people may not have symptoms of an STI but are still able to spread an infection. STI testing can help find problems early on so that treatment can begin if needed. It is important to practice safer sex with all partners, especially if you or they have high-risk sexual behaviors . See the Prevention section of this topic.
If you think you may have symptoms of an STI:
Do not have sexual contact or activity while waiting for your appointment. This will prevent the spread of the infection.
Women should not douche. Douching changes the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina. Douching may flush an infection up into your uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) .
Common sexually transmitted infections
There are at least 20 different STIs. They can be caused by viruses, bacteria, and protozoa. Some of the most common STIs in the U.S. are:
Genital herpes .
Genital warts or human papillomavirus (HPV) . Certain high-risk types of HPV can cause cervical cancer in women.
Hepatitis B .
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS. Having other STIs, such as genital herpes, can increase your risk of HIV.
Other infections that may be sexually transmitted. These include hepatitis A , cytomegalovirus , molluscum contagiosum , Mycoplasma genitalium, hepatitis C , and possibly bacterial vaginosis .
Scabies and pubic lice , which can be spread by sexual contact.
Bacterial STIs can be treated and cured, but STIs caused by viruses usually cannot be cured. You can get a bacterial STI over and over again, even if it is one that you were treated for and cured of in the past.
Sexually active teens and young adults
Sexually active teenagers and young adults are at high risk for STIs because they have biological changes during the teen years that increase their risk for getting an STI and they may be more likely to:
Sexually active teens and young adults:
Ages 15 to 24 years old get almost half of all new STIs each year.
Have the highest rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Syphilis rates have increased the most in people ages 15 to 24.
About 1 out of 5 women and 1 out of 9 men get genital herpes, and it is more common in women than in men.
New HIV infections have increased in people ages 13 to 29.
It is important to seek treatment if you think you may have an STI or have been exposed to an STI. Most health departments, family planning clinics, and STI clinics provide confidential services for the diagnosis and treatment of STIs. Early treatment can cure a bacterial STI and prevent complications.
If you are a parent of a teenager, there are many resources available, such as your health professional or family planning clinics, to help you talk with your teen about safer sex, preventing STIs, and being evaluated and treated for STIs.
Risks specific to women with sexually transmitted infections
In women, STIs can cause a serious infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes ( reproductive organs ) called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) . PID may cause scar tissue that blocks the fallopian tubes, leading to infertility , ectopic pregnancy , pelvic abscess , or chronic pelvic pain .
STIs in pregnant women may cause problems such as:
Low birth weight.
Infections in their newborn baby, such as pneumonia , eye infections, or nervous system problems.
Risks specific to men with sexually transmitted infections
Infection and inflammation of the epididymis , urethra , anus, and prostate
Any child or vulnerable adult with symptoms of an STI needs to be evaluated by a health professional to determine the cause and to assess for possible sexual abuse .
If you have symptoms of an STI or have been exposed to an STI whether by oral, anal, or vaginal sexual activity, check your symptoms to decide if and when you should see a doctor.
Carrying Out STD Tests at Home – Things You Should Know
Do you suspect that you have sexually transmitted diseases or STDs? Additionally called sexually transferred infections (STIs) or venereal illness, STDs are global. People that make love frequently with new companions, multiple companions or disloyal companions are vulnerable to STIs. Most males and females will conceal their standing after learning they have a sexually transmitted disease. It is one of the most humiliating diseases. This is why the STD residence test was created. It has actually aided lots of timid individuals obtain treatment prior to an STI triggers long-lasting consequences.Different Types Of STD Testing Kits
Depending on the condition of the person, there are various Sexually Transmitted Disease screening kits offered on the market. As an example, in the existing world, HIV has come to be a worldwide health and wellness concern as well as sometimes individuals tend to maintain their condition to themselves for worry of being stigmatized. It is for this as well as other factors that companies have actually come up with gadgets to assist individuals examination and also know their status right in their homes.Diagnose Yourself From Your Home’s Environs Using Appropriate STD Test Kit
Often the reference of the term Sexually Transmitted Disease can be really traumatizing particularly so for those who have when experienced the experience. This is a problem that does not just birth a physical concern on your body, yet psychological disturbance also. The itching, annoying marks, discouraging smell as well as the feeling of uneasyness that come with the problem suffice to make you obtain terrified. Thus, time has actually come for you to free yourself from this daunting hazard – the Sexually Transmitted Disease examination package gives you an opportunity to recognize your present problem.The Best Way To Carry Out a STD Home Test
Although a STD is a typical wellness condition in humans, many often tend to flee from the truth concerning its existence. Thus, no one ever before desires to be connected with the problem considering the preconception it comes with. However, time has actually come for everything to be put right into the open as the only method of avoiding the hazard.Cervical Cancer Is On the Rise in the Caribbean
It is reported that 6 fatalities a day in the Caribbeans is triggered by cervical cancer cells. This write-up seeks to describe efforts to increase recognition, the value of pap smears and the source of cervical cancer – HPV.